Electricity –Importance & Harmful Effects

Posted 2/27/2014

Electricity is an energy source which we use to power machines. In today’s time Electrical power is the backbone of modern industrial society. The rapid expansion in electrical technology transformed industry and society to a greater extend.

   

  Uses of Electricity:-

  • Electricity can be put to an almost limitless set of application, which includes following:-
  • Entertainment
  • Transport
  • Heating
  • Lighting
  • Cooking
  • Communication
  • Computation
  • Air conditioning
  • Refrigeration etc.

 

 Effects of electric current in the human body:-

  1. Electric shock is always a risk when electricity is in use. Below are some harmful effects of electric current in human body:-
  2. Faint
  3. Painful shocks loss of muscles control.
  4. Extreme pain, respiratory arrest, severe muscles reaction death is possible.
  5. Cardiac arrest, severe burns, death is possible.


Some ways to prevent from electric shock :

  • 1st step in preventing a dangerous situation is understanding the cause behind this like wood & glass is bad conductor of electricity and other material like water & metal work very well. So we should try to stay away from electricity when we are in contact of water and metal.
  • Use cover sockets and outlets from preventing accidental contact with wire mainly when you are living with small children.
  • Never touch a bare wire that may be conducting a current.
  • Pay attention to the condition of your electric devices, and maintain them regularly.
  • Some steps that include a need for repair are :-
    • Sparking
    • Issuing of small sockets
    • Heat from electric outlets
    • Recurrent short – circuiting
  • Keep a fire extinguisher handy in areas where you work with electrical equipment.
  • Industrial maintenance professionals are advised to use Safety Rubber floor matting  of proper rating to be prevented    from leakage current.


Importance of how to handle situation safely : -

No matter how many precautions are in place??  It is important to know what things we should do in the situation of electric shock.

  • Do not touch a victim of shock with bare hands. As they may still be conducting electricity.
  • Use a non conductive barrier like rubber gloves if at all possible.
  • Turn off power sources if possible. If not move the victim away from the source with a non conductive material
  • Like a piece of wood.
  • Keeps the victim lying horizontally with the legs slightly elevated.
  • Wait for the medical help to arrive or in case of an electrical emergency contact nearest hospital.

                    -Data & Facts submitted by

Dipika Yadav